The premiere took place at the Teatro Apollo in Rome on January 19, 1853, where it "began a victorious march throughout the operatic world," a success due to Verdi's work over the previous three years. It began with his January 1850 approach to Cammarano with the idea of Il trovatore. There followed, slowly and with interruptions, the preparation of the libretto, first by Cammarano until his death in mid-1852 and then with the young librettist Leone Emanuele Bardare, which gave the composer the opportunity to propose significant revisions, which were accomplished under his direction. These revisions are seen largely in the expansion of the role of Leonora.
Leonora - Maria Callas
Count di Luna - Rolando Panerai
Azucena - Fedore Barbieri
Manrico - Giuseppe Di Stefano
La Scala Opera Orchestra and Chorus
Herbert Von Karajan - conductor
EMI - 1957