UCLA researchers presented those findings at the state Capitol on Tuesday and told lawmakers that both domestic workers and their employers need assistance.
It’s one of the first in-depth looks in California at who’s hiring help at home.
"There’s this idea that it must be more affluent families who can afford to pay it, but actually it’s across the demographic spectrum," says Saba Waheed, research director at the UCLA Labor Center. "So low-income folks, high-income folks, moderate-income folks are hiring."
Over 40 percent of those hiring—especially for elder care or child care—are low-income themselves.
Waheed says there are no set standards for work hours or pay, so about half of employers make up the terms themselves. Pay for domestic workers fluctuates widely, from below minimum-wage to $50 an hour.
The report suggests that lawmakers increase spending on child and elder care, and strengthen labor protections.
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