While much of the attention on the November election is focused on the race for President, Californians are going to have a lot of other decisions to make. One (or 12) of the biggest: the statewide ballot measures.
Yes, there will be a dozen different propositions for California voters this year — Prop. 14 through Prop. 25 — on everything from expanding rent control to ending the ban on affirmative action. While we at CapRadio will be reporting on these more up until Nov. 3, we wanted to give you a quick overview now on what each measure covers and what a "yes" or "no" vote will mean.
Proposition 14: Stem cell research
This measure would authorize California to issue $5.5 billion in state general obligation bonds to continue funding stem cell and other medical research. Of those funds, $1.5 billion would be dedicated to fund research and therapy for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, stroke, epilepsy and other brain and central nervous system diseases. The total cost over the life of the bonds, including principal and interest, amounts to $7.8 billion.
Proposition 15: 'Split roll'
Known as the "split roll" measure, Proposition 15 would increase taxes on factories, stores and other commercial and industrial real estate worth $3 million or more. It would do this by requiring owners pay property tax based on market value, rather than what is often a much lower tax rate based on the original purchase price.
The measure is considered one of the largest revisions of Proposition 13, the landmark 1978 initiative that slashed property taxes and limited how much they could go up. Residential and agricultural properties would be exempt from the changes. The split roll measure would raise an estimated $6.5 billion to $11.5 billion annually, according to an analysis by the nonpartisan Legislative Analyst’s Office. The money would be distributed to K-12 public schools, community colleges and local governments.
Proposition 16: End ban on affirmative action
If passed by voters, this state constitutional amendment would end California’s ban on affirmative action. It would allow schools and public agencies to take race, ethnicity and sex into account when making admission, hiring or contracting decisions. It would repeal portions of Proposition 209, the constitutional amendment California voters passed in 1996 prohibiting affirmative action at state institutions.
Proposition 17: Voting rights for previously incarcerated people
This constitutional amendment would allow people on parole for felony convictions to vote after their state or federal prison term ends. The state’s constitution prohibits people with felony convictions from voting until both their incarceration and parole are finished. The change, proposed by state lawmakers, would affect approximately 40,000 Californians, according to a state Senate analysis.
Proposition 18: 17-year-olds voting in primaries
If passed, this constitutional amendment would expand voting rights for certain 17-year-olds in California. Citizens who are 17, residents of the state and will be at least 18 years old at the time of the next general election, would be allowed to vote in any primary or special election that occurs before the next general election. State lawmakers placed this measure on the November ballot.
Proposition 19: Transfer of property tax breaks
This would allow homeowners who are over 55, disabled or victims of natural disasters to transfer part of their property tax base with them when they sell their home and purchase a new one. The constitutional amendment would also prevent people who inherit family properties from keeping the low property tax base unless they use the home as their primary residence and the market value is less than $1 million. Most of the revenue from the measure would fund wildfire agencies.
Proposition 20: Criminal sentencing
This measure would roll back some changes to California’s criminal sentencing laws approved over the past decade. It would authorize judges to impose felony charges on certain theft or fraud crimes currently chargeable only as misdemeanors. It would also restrict the number of inmates eligible for parole by adding drug, theft and other crimes to the list of violent crimes or sentence enhancements excluded from parole review. Lastly, the measure would require people convicted of drug, theft or domestic violence misdemeanors to submit to DNA collection for the state database.
Proposition 21: Rent control
Prop 21 would allow cities and counties to implement rent control for residential properties over 15 years old. It would grant a rent control exemption for landlords who own no more than two homes. The measure is meant to replace the Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act, which prohibited rent control for housing that was built after 1995 as well as for units such as single-family homes, townhomes and condos.
Proposition 22: Rules for app-based drivers
This would exempt certain gig workers from AB5, California’s contentious new labor law, by reclassifying app-based delivery and rideshare drivers as independent contractors. Funded by companies including Uber, Lyft and DoorDash, Prop 22 would require companies with independent contract drivers to provide their drivers with benefits like minimum compensation and health care subsidies based on driving time, vehicle insurance and sexual harassment training rather than regular employee benefits like a minimum wage, workers’ compensation or overtime pay.
Proposition 23: Dialysis clinic rules
If approved, Proposition 23 would require dialysis clinics to have a licensed physician, nurse or physician assistant on site during kidney dialysis treatment. It would require outpatient clinics to report data on dialysis-related infections, ban them from discriminating against patients based on their source of payment or care, and require state approval to shut down a dialysis clinic.
Proposition 24: Consumer privacy
Proposition 24 would allow Californians to block companies from sharing personal information and limit businesses’ use of “sensitive personal information” including geolocation, private communications, race or ethnicity, religion, union membership and health or biometric data. It raises maximum penalties for violations involving consumers under the age of 16. The measure would also create a new state agency to enforce consumer privacy regulations, which is estimated to cost about $10 million per year.
Proposition 25: Repeal of cash bail
Proposition 25 is a referendum to overturn a 2018 law to replace California’s cash bail system with a new pretrial release system based on public safety and flight risk. The law, SB10, was put on hold after the referendum qualified for the ballot in early 2019. A “Yes” vote on Prop 25 would approve the law taking effect and end cash bail in California, while a “No” vote would keep the current cash bail system the way it is.
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