The high court acted Friday after Brown warned that further delay could push voters' consideration to 2018.
The justices put on hold a lower court ruling that barred the state attorney general from issuing the documents that would let Brown's supporters gather the signatures needed to put his initiative on this year's ballot.
The Sacramento-based judge ruled that Brown improperly amended a juvenile justice initiative. The Democratic governor added his proposal to increase sentencing credits for adult inmates and allow earlier parole for non-violent felons.
Brown says it is too late to start over and still collect the nearly 586,000 signatures needed for a ballot measure this year.
The Democratic governor wants the justices to immediately overturn a judge's ruling that could stall his proposal to increase sentencing credits for adult inmates and allow earlier parole for non-violent felons until 2018.
Brown's attorney said in a court filing Friday that even a four-day delay would likely make it impossible to gather enough signatures to put the measure before voters in November.
The court's schedule calls for responses Monday from Attorney General Kamala Harris, who must issue certain documents before supporters can collect signatures, and from district attorneys who say Brown improperly amended an existing juvenile justice initiative.
Brown's rebuttal is due late Tuesday.
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