The City of Sacramento is now under a mandatory water reduction order, approved by the Sacramento City Council Tuesday night.
Dave Brent from the City Department of Utilities says the volume of water in Folsom Lake is at an historic low -- well below that of the 1976-77 drought.
"The American River watershed is the most critical watershed at the time," he says. "It's a statewide drought, yet the American River is really in a crisis mode as we speak."
The City Council voted 8 to 0 to implement "Stage Two" drought measures that include one-day-a-week lawn watering until early March and fines for wasting water that could run up to $1,000.
By summer, the City hopes to see a reduction of 30 million gallons of water use per day.
The city plans to use Sacramento River water and ground water to get through the summer. The Sacramento River pump station won't be operational until March.
Brent says the city is also in "crisis mode."
"We've established a drought response team just as we would a flood event," he says. "We're going to have an incident command structure with an incident commander, a planning section, a operation section, finance, public outreach."
Brent says people seem to be taking the water crisis seriously.
The city has received more than 300 reports of water leaks or instances of water being wasted this year. At this time last year, the city had received 14 reports.
- Turn off faucet while brushing teeth (2.5 gallons per minute)
- Turn off faucet while washing dishes (2.5 gallons per minute)
- Taking shorter showers (2.5 gallons per minute)
- Run washing machine only when full (15-50 gallons per load). Rebates available i fa resident upgrades to high efficiency washing machine.
- Adding an aerator to sink faucet (5 gallons per day)
- Replacing toilets with a high-efficiency model (1.28 gallons or less per flush) saves approximately 5.5 gallons of water per flush (the City has rebates for customers who replace their toilets as well)
- Fill the bathtub halfway or less (12.5 gallons)
- Fix leaky faucets (15-20 gallons per leak) and leaky toilets (20-50 gallons per day per toilet)
- Following the City’s one-day-a-week watering rule this winter, which means you can water your lawn on Saturday or Sunday only (more than 500 gallons per week)
- Using irrigation before 10 a.m. and after 7 p.m. on your watering day (20-25 gallons per watering day)
- Adjusting sprinklers to prevent overspray and water waste (15-25 gallons per watering day)
- Repairing irrigation leaks or broken sprinkler heads (20 gallons per day)
- Use a broom instead of water to clean driveways, sidewalks and paties (8-18 gallons per minute)
- Get an auto shut-off nozzle for your hose (8-18 gallons per minute)
State of Drought Coverage
The drought intensified over the last week in the Western U.S. as the region swelters under a heatwave and firefighters battle major wildfires.
Dangerous fire weather conditions has prompted one federal agency to impose fire restrictions on public lands in northern California.
Mandatory statewide water conservation rules have ended in California. But Sacramento-area users conserved 22 percent in June, compared to June 2013.
California and federal agencies say a new strategy is needed to save the endangered Delta smelt.
California is in the fifth consecutive year of drought, but state water managers ended mandatory conservation rules. Local water suppliers now determine conservation rates, and some have low or no targets. A water expert says that's 'shortsighted.'