Il trovatore, Italian for "The Troubadour" is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto largely written by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play El trovador (1836) by Antonio García Gutiérrez. It was Gutiérrez's most successful play, one which Verdi scholar Julian Budden describes as "a high flown, sprawling melodrama flamboyantly defiant of the Aristotelian unities, packed with all manner of fantastic and bizarre incident."
The premiere took place at the Teatro Apollo in Rome on January 19, 1853 where it began a victorious march throughout the operatic world.
The Troubadour – Franco Corelli
Leonora – Leontyne Price
Count di Luna – Ettore Bastianini
Azucena – Giulietta Simionato
Vienna State Opera
Herbert von Karajan – conductor
Live - 1962