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Funk, Faust And Stone: Three Stunning Albums From 2013

By Anastasia Tsioulcas | NPR
Wednesday, December 11, 2013

Throughout this week, we at NPR Music are taking a look at the year in music with our friend Audie Cornish, host of All Things Considered. I joined her to bring a closer ear to two very impressive classical albums and an international rarity that's been brought back to life. (I also provided Audie with a primer on pronouncing my last name. I hope you all pay close attention.)

Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Deceptive Cadence host Anastasia Tsioulcas talks with All Things Considered host Audie Cornish about three essential classical and world music releases from 2013 from very different parts of the globe: Bartok's Hungarian dancing, a percussion epic from Alaska and sweaty Nigerian funk.



This week, we're looking back at the year in music through the lens of NPR Music's 50 favorite albums of 2013. It's the annual list assembled by our in-house experts, including one of the hosts of our classical music blog called Deceptive Cadence. She also covers international music for NPR Music. And I've stumbled over your name a couple times before so please do us the honor and introduce yourself.

ANASTASIA TSIOULCAS, BYLINE: My name is Anastasia Tsioulcas. I've heard it all. I've heard chalupas. I've heard chimichangas, you know, take your pick. Anything like up to and including hey you, I'm pretty good with, so.

CORNISH: OK, great. Well, hey you, get us started with your first song.

TSIOULCAS: All right. So I'm going to ask you, who is William Onyeabor?


CORNISH: A little funky.

TSIOULCAS: Oh, a lot funky. He was this Nigerian musician who, in the 1970s and early 1980s, made this string of amazing, fantastic, really out there, totally synthed-out tunes. We hear all that funky synthesizer.


TSIOULCAS: You know, he dropped out of sight. He became an evangelical Christian in the mid-1980s and he said, I am not talking about music ever again. And he's kept to his word. He's so hazy as a figure, like nobody really knows what he was doing even before he made these albums.

Some say he was trained as a lawyer in the UK. Some people said he went to the Soviet Union and studied filmmaking. And frankly, I think that, like, all those stories just add to his allure and who cares? I mean, you know, it's nice to honor musicians, but the music is just so much fun on its own terms.


CORNISH: So Anastasia, you also cover classical music. So I'm going to look to you to figure out how we segue smoothly from vintage Nigerian funk to concertos.

TSIOULCAS: Well, I am so glad that you offered me that opportunity, Audie. One of the releases I loved most this year in any genre was an album by a German violinist named Isabelle Faust and she recorded two violin concertos written by Bela Bartok. And so, OK, so what's the connection to funk? Well, I would contend that Bartok really knew more about dance music from different cultures than, like, 99.99 percent of the globe.

So there's my connection. Onyeabor to chair dancing to Bartok.


TSIOULCAS: You hear all these amazing dance rhythms in there and they're totally refracted through these incredible colors and textures that Bartok uses. And it's just an amazing piece of music.


CORNISH: Your final pick in new classical music, you actually heard this, I guess in an unconventional place, right? Not your typical symphony hall.

TSIOULCAS: It's a piece by the American composer John Luther Adams called "Inuksuit" and it's meant to be played and heard outdoors so you have the music he's written, but you also hear the sounds of nature and life. But actually Adams wrote "Inuksuit" to be played for anywhere between nine to 99 percussionists and 99 percussionists can make quite a lot of sound.

CORNISH: That's one mean drum circle.

TSIOULCAS: Yeah, right.


TSIOULCAS: The first time I heard this piece live was a couple of years ago in Manhattan in Morningside Park and you might think it sounds, like, better in concept than in execution or if it's just too woo-woo for words, but it was one of the most incredible live music experiences I've had in years. You know, this music sort of comes out of that mist of ether and just sort of explodes. And it's really incredible to hear.


CORNISH: Anastasia, thank you so much for bringing us this music.

TSIOULCAS: Such a pleasure, Audie, thanks so much.

CORNISH: NPR music writer Anastasia Tsioulcas, you can see NPR Music's 50 favorite albums of 2013, the entire list, at NPRMusic.org. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.

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Who Is William Onyeabor?

One of the albums I'm most excited about in any genre this year poses a significant question in its title: Just who is this guy?

It's a question with no good or complete answer. William Onyeabor is a Nigerian musician who, in the 1970s and early 1980s, made eight self-released albums of wild and completely synthed-out dance tunes. And what he was doing before he made this spate of really great albums is kind of a mystery, too.

Some biographies of Onyeabor say that he went to the Soviet Union to study filmmaking, and then opened his own film company in Nigeria. Others say he was a lawyer who had studied in the U.K. And other sources say he was just a Nigerian businessman. Honestly, I think the divergent stories just add to the allure — and in the end, you can't deny how much sheer fun this music is.

Onyeabor made these incredible tracks until about 1985, when he became an evangelical Christian and decided he wanted absolutely nothing to do with his former life. When the Luaka Bop label decided to create this compilation, they went chasing after him — and he wouldn't talk to them about music.

At any rate, I can't imagine how futuristic his music must have sounded in the '70s and early '80s. The modern electronica world has gone nuts over this release; all that synthesizer sounds exactly right and still really fresh in 2013, more than 30 years after these recordings were made.

Bartok, Violin Concerto No. 2: I. Allegro non troppo

German violinist Isabelle Faust released a spectacular recording of Béla Bartók's two violin concertos with the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Daniel Harding. Bartók knew more about dance music from various cultures than about 99.99% of the world. And he wrote his violin music for friends like Yehudi Menuhin. Hearing Bartók's music, you get a very clear sense of how well he understood and appreciated the violin — and his friends who played it.

In his Second Violin Concerto, you hear all these amazing dance rhythms refracted through incredible colors and textures. It's truly one of the greatest violin concertos of the last 100 years; it's so vibrant and fresh and full of color. Bartok wrote this concerto in 1937 and 1938, when he was agonizing over the future of his native Hungary. He was horrified by the Nazis — and within a year of writing this concerto, he left Hungary and resettled in New York. I believe you hear a unique balance of light and darkness constantly in play in this concerto.

This recording is quite special. There are some elements that classical geeks like me freak out over — for example, at the very end of the concerto, the soloist signs off early, and Bartók leaves the audience with an amazing brass fanfare. Isabelle Faust and Harding use this original version, and not the more typical version Bartók later wrote. But that information is really for the nerds. There's something much more emotionally crucial going on in this recording with Isabelle Faust: She makes her violin just sing. She's so smart and exciting — and her recording is never pedantic or boring. Harding and the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra match the soloist's energy, and their recording is simply an exhilarating ride.

John Luther Adams, 'Inuksuit'

The Alaska-based composer John Luther Adams wrote Inuksuit ("...to act in the capacity of the human") as something meant to be played — and heard — outdoors. The title is a word that comes from indigenous communities including the Inuit in the Arctic Circle; inuksuit (ih-NOOK-sweet) are big stone landmarks, piles of rock built by humans into towering shapes. I like to think of this piece as a meditation on all sorts of issues: about alienation and togetherness, and how one movement, or one sound, or one person, or one community, will affect others in very subtle and mysterious ways. The sounds of nature and life pass in and out and around the music of Inuksuit.

Adams scored this piece for anywhere from nine to 99 percussionists playing all sorts of instruments, which translates into the potential of experiencing a lot of sound.

The first time I heard Inuksuit live was two years ago, a performance given by 99 drummers in the middle of Manhattan's Morningside Park. You might think that this piece sounds like a crazy idea, or too woo-woo for words, or at the very least more interesting in the concept than the execution. But for me, hearing Inuksuit live was one of the most incredible and nearly out-of-body experiences I've had in years. The drummers are all scattered around a large area, so each listener is walking around and through the musicians — which means that each listener is going to have her or his own, totally individual experience of this piece. And even despite the fact that a recording of Inuksuit is, by necessity, a very different creature, it possesses its own kind of magic.

This recording was made in Vermont with 34 musicians led by Doug Perkins, who also put together the New York performance I heard live. Their version opens with several minutes of birdsong, which fixes you in a very particular mental zone. Gradually, otherworldly whispers of percussion encroach on the birds' music, in sounds that build into a dense, towering, crashing monster of a thing. One minute, Inuksuit is hypnotic. The next, it gives you goosebumps.

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