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Saturday, June 11, 2016 Permalink

The Anthem Connection

The American, Austro-Hungarian & British Flags


When some people hear this melody, they think of an Anglican hymn. Others recall a string quartet by Joseph Haydn. And others hear the German national anthem. 

In fact, the tune has served all three purposes, but—surprisingly--its origins lie in the British national anthem, “God Save the King.”  

In this hour, the curious and intertwined stories behind these two familiar tunes, and the ways they have been used—and misused—for the past two centuries.


Haydn: Variations for piano on the hymn 'Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser' (arrangement of string quartet Op. 76/3, 2nd mvt.): Variation 2 BUY Schirmer
Berlin Classics 001630 2BC
Haydn: God Save the King BUY from All Things Are Bright and Beautiful: A Selection of Hymns and Anthems; composed by Haydn
Musical Heritage Society MHS 544850T
Haydn: Symphony No. 96 In D Major 'Miracle': Allegro BUY Bamberg Symphony Orchestra
Vox (Classical) 8508
Haydn: Emperor Quartet, second movement BUY Amadeus Quartet
Deutsche Grammophon 415 867-2
Haydn: Glorious things of thee are spoken BUY York Minster Choir
Priory Records PRCD 701
Beethoven: God Save the King, song for voice & piano trio, WoO 157/1 BUY Paul Agnew, Sophie Daneman, Peter Harvey
Astree PRCD 701
Beethoven: Wellington's Victory BUY London Symphony Orchestra; Antal Dorati, conductor
Mercury Records 434 326-2
Czerny: Czerny: Variations on a Theme by Haydn, Op. 73 – Finale BUY Vienna Chamber Orchestra; Helmut Froschauer, conductor Felicja Blumental
Brana Records BR 0024
Franck: Duo for piano No.1 (on 'God Save the King'), for piano, 4 hands, Op. 4, M. 12 BUY Egri, Pertis
Hungaroton HCD32444
Robert Shaw Chorale: America BUY RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra Robert Shaw Chorale
RCA Victor 2662
Franck: Duo for piano No.1 (on 'God Save the King'), for piano, 4 hands, Op. 4, M. 12 BUY Egri, Pertis
Hungaroton HCD32444
Smetana: Finale: Allegro Non Troppo Ma Energico BUY ORF Symphony Orchestra
Marco-Polo 8.223120
Viktor Ullmann: The Kaiser Von Atlantis: Scene 1: VII Hallo, hallo! Achtung! Achtung! BUY Leipzig Gewandhausorchester
London / Decca 440 854-2
Ives/Schuman: Variations On 'America' BUY Houston Symphony Orchestra
Compendia Concert Gold 3660

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