Entomologists say the lack of rain means less foliage in some places and fewer spots for some insects to hatch their offspring.
"There'll probably be a population crash for a lot of different kinds of insects this year," says Steve Heydon with the Bohart Museum of Entomology at UC Davis.
He says one of those insects is a vibrant orange and black butterfly with a colorful name: "The Painted Ladies will get up here expecting to find thistle plants to lay eggs on and there just won't be any plants there."
On the other hand, it seems like we're seeing a population boom for other insects.
"Mosquitoes are definitely active now and we are seeing more of them out due to the higher than normal temperatures," says Luz Maria Rodriguez with the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District.
Other typically dormant pests that are buzzing around right now include adult house flies and stink bugs.
Rodriguez says, even with a drought, mosquito populations could thrive in some spots. For example, in the puddles of stagnant water in dried up creeks.
January brought above-average rainfall and snow to much of California, partly due to El Niño. But forecasters say the ocean warming condition is "taking a break" for the next week or longer.
The U.S. Drought Monitor says, other than a slight reduction in exceptional drought in the northern Sierra, it needs more time to assess impacts of the recent moisture on California's long-term drought.
California regulators have made modest adjustments to water conservation requirements for cities.
The second measurement this winter of snowpack in the Sierra Nevada was 130 percent of average. State water officials say the snowpack will help reservoir recovery.
California's water conservation rate dropped to 18 percent in December. But water regulators say the state continues to meet its long term goals.