I Capuleti e i Montecchi (The Capulets and the Montagues) is an Italian opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini. The libretto by Felice Romani was a reworking of the story of Romeo and Juliet for an opera by Nicola Vaccai called Giulietta e Romeo and based on the play of the same name by Luigi Scevola written in 1818, thus an Italian source rather than taken directly from William Shakespeare.
Bellini was persuaded to write the opera for the 1830 Carnival season at the Teatro La Fenice in Venice, with only a month and a half available for composition.
The first performance of I Capuleti e i Montecchi took place on March 11, 1830. This 1976 recording stars Janet Baker, Beverly Sills and Nicolai Gedda. Giuseppe Patane conducts.