Un ballo in maschera (A Masked Ball), is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi with text by Antonio Somma. The libretto is loosely based on an 1833 play, Gustave III, by French playwright Eugène Scribe who wrote about the historical assassination of King Gustav III of Sweden. The subject was well known and had been used by other composers.
In 1792, the King of Sweden, Gustav III, was killed, the result of a political conspiracy against him. He was shot while attending a masked ball and died 13 days later from his wounds. For the libretto, Scribe retained the names of some of the historical figures involved, the conspiracy, and the killing at the masked ball. The rest of the play - the characterizations, the romance, the fortune-telling, etc. - is Scribe's invention and the opera is not historically accurate.
However, in order to become the Un ballo in maschera which we know today, Verdi's opera was forced to undergo a series of transformations, caused by a combination of censorship regulations in both Naples and Rome, as well as the political situation in France in January 1858. It received its premiere performance at the Teatro Apollo in Rome on February 17, 1859. This live 1954 recording from Carnegie Hall stars Jan Peerce, Herva Nelli and Robert Merrill. Arturo Toscanini conducts the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Robert shaw Chorale.